Floods are among the world’s most common and most devastating natural hazards and have affected millions of people in Europe since the beginning of this century. Changes in our climate are increasing the risk of river and coastal flooding because sea levels are rising and rainfall patterns are becoming more extreme. Increasing flood risks call for more innovative approaches to minimize the impacts of such events. Therefore, five countries bordering the North Sea Region, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom, have joint forces in the Interreg North Sea Region project FRAMES.

The results of FRAMES (2016-2020) are highly relevant for policymakers and practitioners working on flood risk management at the local, regional and national scale. By clicking on the blocks above, you will be able to download our final reports, policy recommendations and layman's report, discover the details of all the 16 pilot projects, access the Decision Support System, glossary and Toolkit, read our peer-reviewed articles and take a look a videos shot for FRAMES.

[Please note that formally, the project includes 15 pilot projects; the pilot areas Vejle and Assens were included in 1 pilot project. However, both had their own outcomes and learning process, we therefore have included both separately in the FRAMES wiki]


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FRAMES stands for Flood Resilient Areas by Multi-layEred Safety. Traditionally, structural and static solutions were the preferred management option to defend against flooding. However, it is more and more recognized that protection alone will not be enough to make areas climate-resilient. It is also imperative to decrease the effects of flooding and look at spatial planning and disaster management as well. This so-called Multi-Layer Safety (MLS) approach is thus based on three layers: 1)  protection, the primary dike system; 2) sustainable spatial  planning that decreases the loss should a flood occur; and 3) disaster management, the organizational aspects related to a flood event. Our project added a fourth layer to this approach: 4) resilient recovery. Together, these four layers can be tailored to local areas in order to minimize flood damage.

The FRAMES-video below explains Multi-Layer Safety in 90 seconds:

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LinkedIn-groep FRAMES

Twitter-account FRAMES